Hypothyroidism treatment in Ayurveda starts with a body analysis of the patient. This gives the practitioner an idea of dosha combinations involved in each specific situation.
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder caused by an under-active thyroid gland. Thyroid gland is located in the lower part of the neck below adam’s apple. It produces a hormone which regulates body metabolism.
An under-active thyroid gland produces less than normal amount of thyroid hormone and slows down body metabolism rate. This could result in a number of symptoms such as exhaustion, poor ability to tolerate cold, weight gain etc.
An over active thyroid gland results in an increase in metabolic rate and is termed hyperthyroidism.
Under-active thyroid symptoms
Following are some of the well known symptoms of hypothyroidism:
Thyroid disease (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism) are a common disorder and they often runs in families. It can be associated with diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or pernicious anemia. It is more common in women than in men. In women of child bearing age menstrual disturbances including pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) may occasionally be due to an under-active thyroid gland.
Hypothyroidism treatment plan
According to Ayurveda literature, impairment of vayu, kapha and meda lead to the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Ayurveda literature does not describe pathogenesis of thyroid dysfunctions explicitly. Most available literature relate hypothyroidism as caused by excess of kapha and meda. When the above factors get aggravated and become out of balance, they produce hormonal imbalance. This hormonal imbalance triggers a slow process of enlargement of thyroid gland.
hypothyroidism is a very slow process. Initial signs may be lack of appetite, loss of taste for food and recurrent infection due to loss of immunity.
To decide on a hypothyroidism treatment regime, it is essential to classify the disorder based on the doshas combinations at play.
Hypothyroidism symptoms caused by aggravated Kapha dosha
Hypothyroidism symptoms caused by increased medho dhatu
Hypothyroidism symptoms caused by imbalance of vata dosha
Hypothyroidism symptoms caused by increased Tamoguna
While full body massage such as udwarthanam and full body dhara such as dhanyamladhara help in managing vata and kapha imbalance, therapies such as virechanam and vasthi are also appropriate at the right stage and phase of the treatment. Ayurveda treatments and therapies are supported by ayurvedic medicines such as varuna, punarnava, guggulu, kanchanara, sigru etc which are used in a variety of forms and preparations.
Yoga and hypothyroidism treatment
Long term stress can alter thyroid functions. Increased stress levels will increase cortisol level which in supresses thyroid production. So, handling stress in any possible way is a good step in hypothyroidism treatment. Yoga is beneficial in reducing stress levels and will also calm the nervous system. Yoga therapy is very useful in balancing endocrine functions.
Sarvangasana or shoulder stand is well documented as a yoga posture beneficial for thyroid problems. This is an upside down posture. Due to the gravity effect more fresh blood is pumped into the neck and shoulder area which nourishes. heals and balances thyroid glands.
Another well regarded yoga routine is Simhasana or Lion posture.
The above mentioned yoga postures together with thyroid reflex point massage help in a normal and healthy thyroid function.
Regular exercising such as swimming, walking and any type of cardio exercise improve circulation and metabolism. It is ideal to plan an exercise schedule based on recommendations from your ayurveda practitioner.
A proper diet is essential in supporting rest of hypothyroidism treatment routine. Your ayurveda practitioner will give you a customised diet chart. This will be dos and donts of everyday foods to go with the pace of your treatment.
The following dos and donts should be treated only as an indicative diet recommendation.